All Paintings and Art

This is Everything.  The Whole Enchilada, De Kit N Kaboodle, All things sacred, Anything that matters, All my Goods, All that and a bag of Chips, My whole Universe, the Happy stuff….
  • All Art
  • Canvas Boards
  • Standard Wrapped Canvas
  • Gallery Wrap Canvas
  • Barn Board
  • Sketchbook Life Drawing
  • Street Signs

The Pink Tongue of the Fluffy Old English Sheepdog

[x_blockquote cite="Sam Sheepdog" type="left"]Mornin’ Ralph.[/x_blockquote]

Sheepdogs where historically breed to watch over livestock.  Some even have legends of wondering around the snow fallen wilderness offering alcoholic beverages to lost souls from a keg around it’s neck.

Paul McCartney owned a Sheepdog named Martha, who apparently was the inspiration for his song “Martha My Dear”, though the actual song is probably about one of McCartney’s love interests. Max, from Disney’s animated feature, The Little Mermaid, is an Old English Sheepdog that belongs to Prince Eric. President Franklin Delano Roosevelt owned an Old English Sheepdog named Tiny. The children’s movie Chitty Chitty Bang Bang features an Old English Sheepdog named Edison.

The Droopy Eared Basset Hound

[x_blockquote cite="Elvis Presley" type="left"]You ain’t nothin’ but a hound dog, Cryin’ all the time. Well, you ain’t never caught a rabbit, And you ain’t no friend of mine.[/x_blockquote]

These are fun dogs to draw and always get a great reaction at art show.  Those deep, soulful eyes combined with that wrinkled face and droopy ears just melt your heart.

One well known Hound Dog was Flash, who was the sidekick to Rosco P. Coltrane, the bumbling sheriff of Hazzard County in the TV show The Dukes of Hazzard.

Green Eyed Black and White Cat

[x_blockquote cite="Edgar Allan Poe" type="left"]I wish I could write as mysterious as a cat.[/x_blockquote]

My mother-in-law has a cat that seems to like to knock stuff off the counters. It will look you strait in the eyes and casually knock the pepper container off the table.

According to Animal Psychologists cats do this kind of behaviors is because they are bored.  I suppose that all the cat posts, cat toys, and other expensive entertainment is not enough for this little critter.  I have to conclude that cats just have mental disorders that cause them to be jerks.

Timid Pit Bull Puppy

[x_blockquote cite="Cesar Millan" type="left"]Go beyond the stereotype and you’ll discover a smart, calm, and loving companion, just as I did 20 years ago… A dog is a dog.[/x_blockquote]

Even with Pitbulls being under fire so often, Pitbull puppies are so fun to watch. So often a breed that is labeled as a bad breed really is not.  As with any animal or breed, how they behave really is about how they are raised.  Pitbulls are amazingly loving, protective and gentle animals when raised to be so.

It is important to dispel the myth that Pit Bulls do not have any special physical mechanism or enzyme that allows them to “lock” their jaws. However, Whatever Pit Bulls do, they do it with a great deal of enthusiasm, and it is this trait that can make it seem like they have a locking jaw when they bite down on something and are determined not to release it.

The Bald Orange Sphynx

[x_blockquote cite="Mr. Bigglesworth" type="left"]Meeeeeeow.[/x_blockquote]

How great of a solution is it to now have cat hair all over the house is to get a cat with no hair.  Some call them the Naked Aliens of the Cat world because of their goofy looks.  Sphynx tend to be really, really sweet, and love attention from both other animals and humans.

Mr. Bigglesworth is Dr. Evil’s Persian cat in the movie “Austin Powers: The Spy Who Shagged Me” and might be one of the more famous of this breed.

 

Shorty Rossi and Hercules

[x_blockquote cite="Luigi Francis Shorty Rossi" type="left"]People don’t realize the history of the pit bull, They were America’s nanny dog. They sat on two White House lawns. These dogs don’t have an enzyme, it’s what we Americans have done -made the dog bigger, stronger.[/x_blockquote]

Hercules is the amazingly obedient Service dog of Shorty Rossi, talent manager of Shortywood Productions, a company that works with little people in the entertainment industry and Shorty’s Rescue, an organization set up for Pit Bull rescue.

Hercules does all sorts of service-dog work and also attends charity events. He has also performed in film, commercials and television. Despite the chaos and excitement frequently surrounding him, Hercules always is pleased to be around people.

I was honored to have Shorty sign my original painting for me.  He was awesome to meet and a great passionate guy.

Check out his insightful book, “Four Feet Tall and Rising: A Memoir” on Amazon Here.

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Note that all sales of Prints Benefit A Local Pitbull Rescue, TBD.

Sammie the Blue Heeler

[x_blockquote cite="Elizabeth Taylor" type="left"]Some of my best leading men have been dogs and horses.[/x_blockquote]

Sammie is my service dog, a passive obedient Blue Heeler, a type of Australian Cattle Dog.  Although she might not do the cool tricks like fetch sticks, she does like an occasional swim in the lake.  Blue Heelers are supposedly a herding dog originally developed in Australia for droving cattle over long distances across rough terrain, however Sammie is not very good with other animals larger than her bad prefers playing with smaller animals like our two cats.

The First Seeing Eye Dog

[x_blockquote cite="Morris Frank" type="left"]Buddy delivered to me the divine gift of freedom…[/x_blockquote]

Morris Frank was the first American to benefit from a Seeing Eye dog. Dorothy Eustis was an Dog breeder, who founded “The Seeing Eye,” the first guide-dog school for the blind in the United States. In 1931 Dorothy bought a ten-bedroom mansion in New Jersey so that they could have a permanent base.  Today, the Seeing Eye dog school still exists and is the oldest school for guide dogs in the country.

Itsy Bitsy Teenie Weenie Yellow Chihuahua

[x_blockquote cite="Ren the Cat" type="left"]Mayyybe sometheeng bad… mayyyybe sometheeng good… I guess we’ll never know.[/x_blockquote]

Chihuahuas are the smallest breed of dogs and are known for being great companions despite their skittish behavior.

One Famous Chihuahua was from the controversial was Ren of “The Ren and Stimpy Show” who was animated along side Stimpson “Stimpy” J. Cat, the dim-witted but happy-go-lucky cat.

2 Tone Happy Pitty

[x_blockquote cite="Benjamin Franklin" type="left"]The eye of the master will do more work than both his hands.[/x_blockquote]

Many Native cultures believe that heterochromatic dogs (dogs with two different eye colors) can see both heaven and earth at the same time and are natural protectors, while brown or red eye dogs are considered spirit dogs.  Native Legends says it that sled dogs with heterochromia are faster than dogs with the same color eyes and make the best sled dogs.  It is scientifically controversial if these traits can be bread.  Either way, they are very cool looking.

Don’t forget that July 12th is Different Colored Eyes Day!

Orange Cat Tony in Front of Fireplace

[x_blockquote cite="Garfield" type="left"]Oh no! I overslept! I’m late! For my nap.[/x_blockquote]

This is Tony the Cat.  My cat, at least when he is hungry or needs his cat box emptied.  He’s an annoying Snuggle bug.  But boy does he like it near the heaters and fireplace.  Anytime he can get a warm spot to bask in, he is one happy napper.

The Happiest English Bulldog

[x_blockquote cite="Michael Jackson with his dog Large" type="left"]Leave me alone, stop it, Just stop doggin’ me around.[/x_blockquote]

The English Bulldog got its name from the intention people had in the beginning, that they would fight bulls.  If you have ever met one, you would know how that might have turned out.  These are the sweetest, loudest sleeping, laziest dogs you might have ever meet.  If it were not how sweet they are, you would not know that they can do much more than act as a fuzzy door stop.  They are also one of the most self-sufficient and determined dogs making them self reliant and are smart enough to solve most of their own problems without the assistance of their masters.

April and Oliver

[x_blockquote cite="Animal Adventure Park" type="left"]He does not want to play house — he wants to ROUGH house.[/x_blockquote]

“…That is natural behavior as males take no part in rearing their young, nor have a need for a female once she is pregnant. Sad but true.” said the Zoo.

Millions of people have been watching the stream in anticipation of the birth of “April” the giraffe’s fourth calf.  April likes them young, and Oliver does not disappoint being a much younger giraffe.  Our “Cougar” April is 15 years old while Oliver is only 5!!

Her story was vaulted into global headlines after activists complaining of “nudity” got the livestream yanked from YouTube but The livestream was back online about an hour and a half later when it all got sorted out.

Fun fact is that Giraffes are pregnant for about two years, as of today I believe April is two months past due.  Whew.

Note:  50% of sales of this artwork will go to the Animal Adventure Park.

I am donating 100% of sales on the BIG DAY…

Prideful Cat in Red Bandana

[x_blockquote cite="Abraham Lincoln" type="left"]No matter how much cats fight, there always seem to be plenty of kittens.[/x_blockquote]

I don’t know about you, but my cat is the biggest user on the planet. I would swear it only has me around because I am the only one that can get his cat food open.  When not eating, sleeping, or pooping, he can be found posing on the couch in vanity staring you down as you walk by.

Terrier with Blue Eyes

[x_blockquote cite="Elton John" type="left"]Baby’s got blue eyes Like a deep blue sea.[/x_blockquote]

I’m not really sure, but I think that the Terrier barks annoyingly all the time because the breed is mostly deaf and can not hear itself, or maybe because of it’s smaller stature it is just trying to act big.  Who really knows.  But they are a fun lap dog that is ok with hanging out on the couch in the evenings, eat popcorn, sip a beer, and watch a good action movie.

Sam and GI Joe

[x_blockquote cite="Sergeant Stubby of the 102nd Infantry, Yankee Division" type="left"]Arf Arf Roof Roof Bark.[/x_blockquote]

Our little furry friends have joined the Military along side their two legged owners.  One dog, known as Sergeant Stubby, started it all and went from mascot to hero during WWI after being smuggled into battle by Private J. Robert Conway. Stubby went on to detect enemy gas, bark out warnings when rival troops were near and locate the wounded on the battlefield. By the start of WWII, the military had recognized the value canine soldiers could bring and began using them primarily for recon. Stubby forged the way for all canine soldiers who followed and remains a symbol of military bravery and heroism to this day.

Pitty in Pink

[x_blockquote cite="Shorty Rossi" type=""]I yell ’cause humans can be the most brutal and heartless animals on the planet.[/x_blockquote]

The Bleach White Pitty is Awesome site to see.  Are they mean tho?  Dog-aggression and people-aggression are two distinctive traits and should not be confused. Unless a Pit Bull has been poorly bred or purposefully trained to attack humans, they generally love people. They are, in fact, one of the most loving, loyal, friendly and dedicated companions you can have.

 

Red Spotted Sea Turtle Study

[x_blockquote cite="Little Turtle" type=""]I have been the last to sign this treaty- I will be the last to break it.[/x_blockquote]

Native American Totems often had turtles represented in them.  Turtles symbolized our peaceful waking on the earth on our journey in life as we always make wise and thoughtful decisions.

In 1795 Little Turtle signed the Treaty of Fort Greenville, ceding Indian lands in Ohio, Illinois, Indiana, and Michigan by a confederacy of Indians known as the Northwest Indian Confederation.  This was a difficult decision for the chief as he was the last of the Native Chiefs to do so.  He advised his people to abstain from alcohol and other mind altering substances because those things cause his people to be tricked by the white man.  He hated seeing his people (and others) being enslaved, even to the point of capturing black slaves to bring them back to his village as family to their freedom.

 

Troy is not Allowed on the Bed

[x_blockquote cite="Bart Simpson to his dog Santa's Little Helper" type=""]I’m sorry, boy. It’s not your fault you are so dumb.[/x_blockquote]

Greyhounds are most famous for Racing.  Boy are they fast.  King Henry the Eighth was renowned for having and racing greyhounds so much that it remains today on his coat of arms.  He was also the first one to officially bet on their racing skills.  Queen Elizabeth was also into greyhound racing as horse racing was considered the sport of kings so these dog races became the sport of the Queen.

Tony the Cat on my Arm, Again

[x_blockquote cite="Garfield the Cat" type=""]I’m not Laxy, I’m a master of Energy Conservation.[/x_blockquote]

 

I think everyone that has cats knows just how lazy and selfish they are.  I give Tony a bed to sleep in, feed him lots of good cat food, and “give him rules”.  Yet he insists on eating the human food, stealing the covers at night, and not listening.  Even after tossing him off the bed 400 times each night he turns around and wants to sleep on our heads.  Yeah.  That.

At least we can all enjoy our favorite food: lasagne.

Sheepdog with Giant Red Tongue

[x_blockquote cite="Dave Grossman quoting an Old Retired Colonel (Vietnam Veteran)" type=""]…if you have a capacity for violence, and a deep love for your fellow citizens? Then you are a sheepdog, a warrior, someone who is walking the hero’s path.[/x_blockquote]

The Old English Sheepdog is very affectionate and happy, and can be quite goofy at times.  They were used to protect the heard from wolves and get them to the market for sale safely.  The historical reason for their tails to be bobbed was to signify to the government that they were working dogs and thus not taxed as pets of the time where.

 

Orange Giraffe at the Denver Zoo

[x_blockquote cite="Pablo Picasso" type=""]God is really only another artist. He invented the giraffe, the elephant and the cat. He has no real style, He just goes on trying other things.[/x_blockquote]

The Zoo happens to be my favorite places of all times to draw and paint.  Every chance I get I go there with the kids and plenty of sketching materials to go to town on collecting content.  It is pretty cool that the people at the zoo entrance don’t mess with me about coming in with art supplies like some museums have in the past.

Giraffes are the tallest of Mammals and Over short distances, giraffes can run at speeds up to 35 mph and only need to drink water every couple of days.  In a weird turn of events most Mommy giraffes will return to where they were born to birth their young where the baby will fall over five feet to the ground at birth.  I suppose that is their way of spanking them in the butt like humans do to give them their first breath.

Brindle Pitbull Rolling in a Puddle

[x_blockquote cite="Holbrook Jackson" type=""]Man is a dog’s idea of what God should be like.[/x_blockquote]

There is nothing funnier than watching a dog roll around on it’s back to get that one spot itched, until you are the one trying to mop the mess off the floor when they come back in.  Never the less, we love them anyways.

Green Eyed Boston Terrier

[x_blockquote cite="Helen Keller" type="left"]I should like to look into the loyal, trusting eyes of my dogs…whose warm, tender, and playful friendships are so comforting to me.[/x_blockquote]

The Boston Terrier was one of the first Non-Sporting dogs bred in the U.S. and was the first of the 10 made-in-America breeds currently recognized by the AKC. In the early days, the breed’s color and markings weren’t considered to be very important.

The Great Holy man Chief Sitting Bull Splatter Study

[x_blockquote cite="Chief Sitting Bull Hunkpapa Sioux" type="left"]I am a red man. If the Great Spirit had desired me to be a white man he would have made me so in the first place.[/x_blockquote]

Sitting Bull had lots to say.  He might be the most well known of all the Native Americans in history, or at least the most quoted.

Sitting Bull’s boyhood must have been a happy one. It was long after the day of the dog-travaux, and his father owned many ponies of variegated colors. It was said of him in a joking way that his legs were bowed like the ribs of the ponies that he rode constantly from childhood. He had also a common nickname, “Hunkeshnee”, which means “Slow,” referring to his inability to run fast.

The much feared Tyrant Lizard

[x_blockquote cite="Rexie" type="left"]GrrrrAAawr GshaAAA[/x_blockquote]

Tyrannosaurus Rex means King in Latin and more than 50 specimens have been identified.  Despite the movie portraits, it is doubtful that man and Dinosaur have ever met each other in the same era.  If they did, man would either be extinguished, or have plenty to eat.

It is interesting to know that scientists argue that the ancient reptiles made sounds closer to the coo of a pigeon or the mumble of an ostrich. Those are far cries from mammalian screams you hear in movies.  Maybe not as scary to hear in the distance as one might think.

Old Abandoned Barn Study

[x_blockquote cite="Canassatego " type="left"]We know our lands have now become more valuable. The white people think we do not know their value; but we know that the land is everlasting, and the few goods we receive for it are soon worn out and gone.[/x_blockquote]

The great reverence Native Americans had for trees, mountains, water bodies, and even the animals they killed for food, protected the world around them from exploitation. It also helped subsequent generations to continue with their traditional way of life.

When the foreign explorers showed up they started chopping down the trees for lumber making the protection of forests for the animals disappear.  Trees were a reliable source of food to many Native American tribes. While berries and other fruit were seasonal, pines, pecans, walnuts and other nut trees provided year-round nutrition.  This began to dwindle as well and a new era of farming began.

When you look at an old barn be reminded that it’s history started long before it was massacred with an axe.

 

High up in the sky someone is always looking after you

[x_blockquote cite="Shooter Teton Sioux" type="left"]All birds, even those of the same species, are not alike, and it is the same with animals and with human beings. The reason WakanTanka does not make two birds, or animals, or human beings exactly alike is because each is placed here by WakanTanka to be an independent individuality and to rely upon itself.[/x_blockquote]

Birds play a wide variety of roles in Native American mythology. Frequently they serve as messengers from the Creator, or between humans and the spirit world. Eagle plays a leadership role in the mythology of many tribes, while Raven is frequently portrayed as culture hero, trickster, or both. Other Native American birds play the parts of heroes, villains, wise advisors, flighty suitors, jealous competitors, and everything in between.

Birds are common clan animals in many different Native American tribes. Besides the major clans related to specific types of birds (such as the Eagle Clan and the Raven Clan,) there are also generalized Bird Clans in some tribes, such as the Bird Clan of the Creek tribe (called Fusualgi or Fuswvlke,) the Bird Clan of the Cherokees (called Anijisqua or Anitsiskwa), or the Feather Clan of the Mi’kmaq tribe. Birds are the most important clan crests of most Northwest Coast tribes and are commonly carved on totem poles (especially Eagle, Raven, and Thunderbird.)

Hot Indian Summer near the Fishing Pond

[x_blockquote cite="J. Hector St. John de Crevecoeur" type="left"]Sometimes the rain is followed by an interval of calm and warmth which is called the Indian Summer; its characteristics are a tranquil atmosphere and general smokiness.[/x_blockquote]

American settlers mistook the sight of sun-rays through the hazy autumn air for Native American campfires and called this “Indian Summer.” Native Americans made use of the dry, hazy weather to attack the whites before the hard winter set in. This was the traditional period during which Native Americans harvested crops. Native Americans at that time were known to have set fires to meadow grasses, underbrush and woods to accentuate hazy, smokey conditions.  (Even though the Native Americans did this at other times of the year for both hunting and agricultural reasons).

 

Strong Forest Friends Study

[x_blockquote cite="Chief Seattle " type="left"]When you know who you are; when you mission is clear and you burn with the inner fire of unbreakable will; no cold can touch your heart; no deluge can dampen your purpose… …you know that you are alive.[/x_blockquote]

In psychology the forest represents family.  Natives referred often to the forest when talking about the importance of family bonds.  They had an interesting view of Kinship and the Relationship Between All Beings.  They ask this: How would relationships change if all teachers and students, businesses and clients, saw each other as relatives? Would truth and honesty increase? Would business include a general feeling of love and respect for clients? Would food be processed differently? Would the earth be treated with respect if the four-leggeds and wingeds were considered relatives?

What deep insight to our fellow man that we can ponder.

Fire Dancer Study

[x_blockquote cite="Tuscarora" type="left"]Man has responsibility, not Power[/x_blockquote]

Sustaining life on the land requires a constant Fire. In Native tradition there is always a head Fire Keeper who assumes the chief responsibility for tending the fire. Fire keepers also take care of the fire during ceremonies.

Many Ancient Aztecs performed a fire dance dedicated to Xiuhtecuhtli, the god of fire.  These ceremonies were to ensure they would not be punished by fire being removed from the elements and they would die.

 

Seekers to Guide you in the Yellow Sun

[x_blockquote cite="Albus Dumbledore" type="left"]Don’t count your owls before they are delivered.[/x_blockquote]

The owl sees in the dark: As a spirit animal, the owl guides you to see beyond the veil of deception and illusion; it helps see what’s kept hidden. It also symbolizes the ability to cut through illusions and see the real meaning of someone’s action or state of mind.

The owl is a strong spirit guide for discernment and making decision based solid foundations. Call on the owl totem when you have to assess a situation or are going through confusing times.

First time Venturing into the Sacred Place

[x_blockquote cite="Luther Standing Bear" type="left"]I am going to venture that the man who sat on the ground in his tipi meditating on life and its meaning, accepting the kinship of all creatures, and acknowledging unity with the universe of things was infusing into his being the true essence of civilization.[/x_blockquote]

The cycle of life for a Native woman is the baby, girl, woman, and grandmother. These are the four directions of life. She has been given by natural laws, the ability to reproduce life. The most sacred of all things is life. Therefore, all men should treat her with dignity and respect. Never was it our way to harm her mentally or physically. Indian men were never abusers. We always treated our women with respect and understanding for we need them to continue our quest for humanity.

 

Sitting Bull the compassionate warrior

[x_blockquote cite="Chief Sitting Bull" type="left"]Let us put our minds together and see what life we can make for our children.[/x_blockquote]

Sometimes you see someone, and first impressions is they are a little crazy and scary.  Guy just sits there with a serious look on his face and you can tell they must have had a tough life.  That is Sitting Bull.

His original name his family called him was Jumping Badger and his father nicknamed him Slow.  As Sitting Bull grew older, white men from the United States began to enter his people’s land. More and more of them came each year. Sitting Bull became a leader among his people and was famous for his bravery. He hoped for peace with the white man, but they would not leave his land. Around 1863, Sitting Bull began to take up arms against the Americans. He hoped to scare them off, but they kept returning.

In 1874, gold was discovered in the Black Hills of South Dakota. The United States wanted access to the gold and didn’t want interference from the Sioux. They ordered all Sioux that lived outside the Sioux Reservation to move inside the reservation. Sitting Bull refused. He felt that reservations were like prisons and he would not be “shut up in a corral.”

Everything he did, he did for family and his people.

Dancing under the Watchers in the Moon

[x_blockquote cite="Nau-man-de-takim" type="left"]Listen to the wind, it talks.  Listen to the silence, it speaks.  Listen to your heart, it knows.[/x_blockquote]

Dances have always been significant in the lives of Native Americans as both a common amusement and a solemn duty. Many dances played a vital role in religious rituals and other ceremonies; while others were held to guarantee the success of hunts, harvests, giving thanks, and other celebrations.

In this painting the dancer is just having fun.  After a late night rain the moon comes out and the birds watch over him as he prances in the mud giving thanks for keeping his family safe after the storm.

Into the cave of the nidobaskwa

[x_blockquote cite="Isna-la-wica (Lone Man)" type="left"]…I have seen that in any great undertaking it is not enough for a man to depend simply upon himslef.[/x_blockquote]

At its most basic, Cherokee marriage practices could be very informal.  The couple gathered with the woman’s family at their clan household and exchanged corn and venison to symbolize their promise to provide for each other and the household. Afterwards, the man moved into his new wife’s clan household and it was considered done.

In Native culture, as should the rest of the world, women are sacred and the most important part of a family.  Their role is to be the sense makers and teach compassion and love to her husbands offspring.  She is not less of a man, but his companion in life.

Lead of the hunting party

[x_blockquote cite="White Feather" type="left"]Native American isnt blood; it is what is in the heart. The love for the land. The respect for it, those who inhabit it; and the respect and acknowledgement of the spirits and the elders. That is what it is to be indian.[/x_blockquote]

Hunting and Gathering was a big part of Native life.  Hunting was used to gather fur for warmth in the winter but also for all sorts of amazing food. Native American cooking tended to be simple. Most Native Americans preferred to eat their food very fresh, without many spices. Meat was usually roasted over the fire or grilled on hot stones. Fish was often baked or smoked. Soups and stews were popular in some tribes.  Each animal that might be killed is treated with respect and thanks for the sacrifice it made to give life to others.

Now that I’m hungry I’m off to make me my favorite Native meal, Tamales and Blueberry Wojapi.

The Watcher for Good under a Purple Moon

[x_blockquote cite="Chief Luther Standing Bear" type="left"]For there was never a question as to the supremacy of an evil power over and above the power of Good. There was but one ruling power, and that was Good.[/x_blockquote]

The Indian loved to worship. From birth to death, he revered his surroundings. He considered himself born in the luxurious lap of Mother Earth, and no place was to him humble. There was nothing between him and the Big Holy (Wakan Tanka). The contact was immediate and personal, and the blessings of Wakan Tanka flowed over the Indian like rain showered from the sky. Wakan Tanka was not aloof, apart, and ever seeking to quell evil forces. He did not punish the animals and the birds, and likewise, he did not punish man. He was not a punishing god.

In that every person, after checking their ego, is on a quest for what is good and bad.  Lets always find good and not seek bad.

Circle of Planets in the Sky to guide our way

[x_blockquote cite="Russell Means" type="left"]Mother Earth has been abused, the powers have been abused, this can not go on forever… …Things come full circle, back to where they started.  That’s revolution.[/x_blockquote]

John Herrington, of the Chickasaw Nation, was the first Native American to walk in space when he launched November 23, 2002 aboard the Space Shuttle Endeavor. Serving as the flight engineer for launch and landing, Herrington vowed to carry the Chickasaw Nation flag with him into space. Members of his tribe watched the historic launch, and Herrington honored his Native American heritage by carrying six eagle feathers, a braid of sweet grass, two arrowheads, and his nation’s flag.

Native American beliefs are deeply rooted in their culture and events and role models like this give hope of finding new things to celebrate.  Our people can keep searching for new ways and adventures.  That’s why we were put on this planet in the first place.

 

The Mountain Watchers in a Total Eclipse

[x_blockquote cite="Chief Crazy Horse" type="left"]The Red Nation shall rise again and it shall be a blessing for a sick world; a world filled with broken promises, selfishness and separations; a world longing for light again.[/x_blockquote]

In Choctaw history, solar eclipses were attributed to a black squirrel eating the sun.  The natives had a mission to drive off the squirrels if they wanted to enjoy the life giving power of the heat and light of the sun.

In the culture we are taught that The moon and the sun are sacred the way they were created, and you are not supposed to watch the moon or look at, stare at it for a long time, It affects your mind and your body. Especially for a woman that’s carrying a baby. Because when there is an eclipse either lunar or solar, this is a sacred time where the sun, the moon and the earth is kind of like in an intimate position when they line up, so it’s such a sacred thing that’s happening, you don’t look at those things that are happening out in the sky.

Watchers over an Envious Sky

[x_blockquote cite="Clan Leader Thomas Banyacya Sr." type="left"]Each of us is put here in this time and this place to personally decide the future of humankind.[/x_blockquote]

In Native culture you see them using “Jealousy” and “Envy” in the same voice.  Envy is a desire for something that someone else has, even if you wish them no ill will, and jealousy is more of an angry or aggressive feeling, which takes on a slightly different meaning when it comes to romantic relationships and the people with whom your significant other is spending their time.

Many wars have been fought through generation and generation over possessions and we as a people need to make sure our guardians are flying high to keep us from making bad decisions in guarding what we perceive to be our property.

Fishing spot Near covered bridge

[x_blockquote cite="Carrot Top" type="left"]I’ve always wanted to jump off of a bridge and not be hurt, like Bugs Bunny.[/x_blockquote]

This Bridge I found just south of Lake Memphremagog in Vermont over the Passumpsic River called the Miller’s Run Bridge.  It is noted for being the last covered bridge to be used in the State Highway system.  Someone built a makeshift dock near the river that I assume would be good for fishing.

Bright White flower stands Alone

[x_blockquote cite="Chief Xo-Be-Ma-Zu-Ki" type="left"]No river can return to it’s source, yet all rivers must have a beginning.[/x_blockquote]

Coming of age for a young man is terrifying.  The Natives thought of it as a very important part of growing up.  Many tribes have some pretty crazy traditions.  One I heard about from the Sateré-Mawé tribe:  The young boys take 10-minute turns wearing the bullet ant gloves on their hands. Though the pain takes hold of them immediately, few if any of the young boys cry out. According to tribe members, the painful initiation is good preparation for life and proves that each boy will be able to fulfill the duties of manhood. Each boy becomes a man by wearing the gloves 20 times over the course of several months, as manhood in this sense is understood as withstanding pain without crying or showing weakness.

 

Orange Ancestors Flower Study

[x_blockquote cite="Chief Plenty Coups" type="left"]The ground on which we stand is sacred ground. It is the blood of our ancestors.[/x_blockquote]

Learning from someone elses mistakes are always better than learning them yourself.  Keeping a record through storytelling, the Native People would teach the lessons taught to them by their Ancestors.

 

Standing Tall in the Family

[x_blockquote cite="Chief George Copway (Kah-ge-ga-bowh)" type="left"]Among the Indians there have been no written laws. Customs handed down from generation to generation have been the only laws to guide them. Every one might act different from what was considered right did he choose to do so, but such acts would bring upon him the censure of the Nation…. This fear of the Nation’s censure acted as a mighty band, binding all in one social, honorable compact.[/x_blockquote]

Among the Sheepeater Shoshone, there are three kinds of souls. The first of these is the suap or “ego-soul” which is embodied in the breath.  Humbleness while having aspirations of being a great warrior in the family can be a tricky skill to have.  However, standing next to your brother and being proud of the people around you might be the greatest and most humbling experience around.

 

Kids playing in the field

[x_blockquote cite="Mourning Dove Salish" type="left"]Children were encouraged to develop strict discipline and a high regard for sharing. When a girl picked her first berries and dug her first roots, they were given away to an elder so she would share her future success. When a child carried water for the home, an elder would give compliments, pretending to taste meat in water carried by a boy or berries in that of a girl. The child was encouraged not to be lazy and to grow straight like a sapling.[/x_blockquote]

Kids are always fun to watch.  Natives encouraged interactions with games.  One of the most popular Native American sports was lacrosse. This is still a popular sport today. Different tribes had different names for the sport including stickball, bump hips, kabucha, and little brother of war.

Ring-the-Stick Game – The Ring-the-Stick game was usually played by children. They took a long stick and tied a string to one end. At the other end of the string a ring was tied. Then they would toss the ring into the air and try to catch it with the pointed end of the stick.

 

The Poisonous Pale Face Flower

[x_blockquote cite="Eagle Chief (Letakos-Lesa)" type="left"]What is life? It is the flash of a firefly in the night. It is the breath of a buffalo in the wintertime. It is the little shadow which runs across the grass and loses itself in the sunset.[/x_blockquote]

A key feature of the Native American spiritual outlook is found in the powers ascribed to the Four Directions, which occur either literally or in symbolic form throughout the stories. These are often represented by particular colors, or by animals.

The Four Directions have to be in balance for all to be well with the world, and often a central point of balance is identified as a fifth direction; for example, four brothers represent the outer directions, and their sister the centre.  Without focus these basic principles, man gets lost in things that are not as important.  This painting depicts a flower that is the Four Directions focus and a background of blood that represents the things that can happen to our compass if we lose that focus.

Yellow Flower looking at the Sun

[x_blockquote cite="Tuscarora" type="left"]They are not dead who live in the hearts they leave behind.[/x_blockquote]

Colors in various cultures can be deceiving.  As bright and happy as the color Yellow is The color of yellow symbolized the color of death. Yellow also indicated that the wearer was heroic, had led a good life and was willing to fight to the death. Yellow also symbolized intellect. The color of yellow was produced from bixa plant or tree, also known as annatto, it is a bushy shrub or small tree. Native Americans made a paste from annatto for a bright orange or yellow war paint

 

Excited Yellow Wildflower with his family

[x_blockquote cite="Tatanga Mani -Walking Buffalo" type="left"]Hills are always more beautiful than stone buildings, you know. Living in a city is an artificial existence. Lots of people hardly ever feel real soil under their feet, see plants grow except in flower pots, or get far enough beyond the street light to catch the enchantment of a night sky studded with stars. When people live far from scenes of the Great Spirit’s making, it’s easy for them to forget his laws.[/x_blockquote]

What is more fun than exploring with your family.  Camping, outdoor cooking and some hiking.  At one point in history, this was not something you did for 7 days each year, it was a way of life.  Art was also a part of life where Native Americans like those of the Northwest like the Haida built totem poles as tall as 40 feet outside their homes to advertise their families’ status. The pole would usually depict animals or birds that were special to the family. Totem poles were also built as a memorial to a family’s ancestors. Christians mistakenly thought that totem poles were statues of the gods.  If you have ever seen one of those Totems, they are pretty amazing to look at.

 

Orange Flowers headed to bed under a Pink Sunset

[x_blockquote cite="Virginia Woolf'" type="left"]One cannot think well, love well, sleep well, if one has not dined well.[/x_blockquote]

 

Sleep.  Ah Yes.  Nothing can be more sacred, especially if you have kids.  Bedtime stories replaced TV or Iphones in Native times.  Stories like this were told before bed:

Once upon a time, the earth was covered with water. The creator of all things, Ye ho waah, was a good god. First, he brought a piece of land out of the water. Then, he placed many creatures and plants on the land to give it life.

It was very crowded on the piece of land. Ye ho waah liked order. He knew that chaos invited evil. To solve the problem of crowding, and to put order into the land, he asked the water beetle to bring up more land from the bottom of the water.

The water beetle was glad to help the creator of all things. The water beetle hopped in the water, swam to the bottom, and brought up mud he found on the bottom. He spit it out. He did this over and over. The land was growing, but it was much too slow.

Ye ho waah thought about what he could do. One thing Ye ho waah could do was to make things grow. Amazingly, to the people and animals who lived on the little piece of land, their land began to grow. The land grew and grew and grew. Soon trees and forests and mountains and rivers and lakes and streams all had a place to live, as did the Cherokee and all the animals and plants in the world.

And that’s how the world began.

Flower of Warpaint

[x_blockquote cite="Ma-ka-tai-me-she-kia-kiak'" type="left"]We always had plenty-our children never cried with hunger, nor our people were never in want. Here our village had stood for more than a hundred years, during all which time we were the undisputed possessors of the valley of the Mississippi, from the Ouisconsin to the Portage des Sioux, near the mouth of the Missouri, being about seven hundred miles in length.[/x_blockquote]

 

The disruption of life for Natives was a big turning point in culture for them.

The series of conflicts in the western United States between Native Americans, American settlers, and the United States Army are generally known as the Indian Wars. Many of the most well-known of these conflicts occurred during and after the Civil War until the closing of the frontier in about 1890.  Native life after these events become docile and passive with feelings of helplessness and lacking hope.

Conquering the Native Sky

[x_blockquote cite="Mato-Kuwapi, 'Chased-By-Bears'" type="left"]Before talking of holy things, we prepare ourselves by offerings… one will fill his pipe and hand it to the other who will light it and offer it to the sky and earth… they will smoke together…. Then will they be ready to talk.[/x_blockquote]

The lands foretold a change in the skies were to happen to the way of life for the Native People.  The Doctrine of Discovery was the legal basis that Europeans and Americans used to lay claim to the land of the indigenous peoples they “discovered.”  The blanket of the new law covered the land pushing natives into little communities and those that did not conform were killed.

Many Native Americans now lay in wait for the prophecies of the fall of the great kingdom when the new order will again possess the earth.

Purple Family of Flowers Study

[x_blockquote cite="Luther Standing Bear" type="left"]These stories were the libraries of our people. In each story, there was recorded some event of interest or importance . . . A people enrich their minds who keep their history on the leaves of memory.[/x_blockquote]

To the Native Americans family was important.  American Indians would define family as members made up of fictive and nonfictive kin (blood related and non-blood related), extended family, tribal community, and the nation of American Indians as a whole today. … Some tribes are patriarchal and patrilocal; others are matriarchal and matrilocal in structure.  Like Flowers, family sticks together despite the movement of the air or land.

Orange Flower Study

[x_blockquote cite="John (Fire) Lame Deer" type="left"]Listen to the air. You can hear it, feel it, smell it, taste it. Woniya wakan—the holy air—which renews all by its breath. [/x_blockquote]

Native Americans are constantly making meaningful stories about flowers and how their lives relate to ours. A great Menominee Legend about a flowers origins goes a little something like this:

Long ago when the Creator was making life, He was feeling real happy. He truly enjoyed creating! He looked around at all the wonderful things He had made and thought to Himself, “I am so happy that I want to make something special to spread my happiness.” He thought long and hard, and then said, “This thing must be so pleasing that it will get a second look. It must fill the air with sweet smells that create happiness.” He thought some more, and then he added, “But I also want it to serve a purpose. It must be able to be eaten and used as medicine.”

So, after thinking long and happily, the Creator took bits of this and bits of that and bits of things that had never been and created the flower. He made tall ones and short ones, skinny ones and fat ones. He made them every color imaginable. He was so satisfied with His new creation that He spread them all over the world for everyone to enjoy.

Native American Purple Wild Flower in Bloom

[x_blockquote cite="Chief Dan George" type="left"]May the stars carry your sadness away, May the flowers fill your heart with beauty, May hope forever wipe away your tears. And above all, may silence make you strong.[/x_blockquote]

To Native Americans in many western tribes, wild flowers were a symbol of life. Paiute, Nez Perce, and Interior Salish people believed that wild flowers kept ghosts from causing harm to the living, so they were often placed in the homes or clothing of people who were in mourning or felt haunted. Wild flowers were also sometimes attached to cradleboards to bring vitality to infants. In some tribes, wild flower motifs were used in quillwork, beadwork, or other Native arts to represent survival and vitality as well. Wild flowers also played a role in traditional Native American herbal medicine, and rosehips (the fruit of wild flowers) were eaten as food in many tribes, either directly or as part of a pudding.

 

The Doctor Never Signals Ahead

[x_blockquote cite="The Doctor" type="left"]We’re always in trouble! Isn’t this extraordinary – it follows us everywhere![/x_blockquote]

For those Doctor Who fans like myself, this is The Famous TARDIS Painted on a Signal Ahead Sign.  I thought this was funny because, as you know, the Doctor never calls ahead before he shows up.

A TARDIS is a product of the advanced technology of the Time Lords, an extraterrestrial civilisation to which the programme’s central character, the Doctor, belongs. A properly maintained and piloted TARDIS can transport its occupants to any point in time and space. The interior of a TARDIS is much larger than its exterior. It can blend in with its surroundings using the ship’s “chameleon circuit”. TARDISes also possess a degree of sapience and provide their users with additional tools and abilities including a universal translation system based on telepathy.

because you are our only hope

[x_blockquote cite="Panaka" type="center"]An extremely well put-together little droid.[/x_blockquote]

The great and wise R2D2 painted on a Signal Ahead sign beaming his important information into space.

A resourceful astromech droid, R2-D2 served Padmé Amidala, Anakin Skywalker and Luke Skywalker in turn, showing great bravery in rescuing his masters and their friends from many perils.

Yield or RUN

[x_blockquote cite="Rexy" type="left"]Raaaawhr![/x_blockquote]

I was a pretty big fan of the Jurassic Park Movies.  This Tyrannosaurus is painted on a Yield sign, an oxymoron of what a real Dinosaur would have done.

Tyrannosaurus means “tyrant lizard”.  A fitting name for one of the largest land carnivores of all time.  For it’s size it was a great hunter.  A study conducted by Lawrence Witmer and Ryan Ridgely of Ohio University found that Tyrannosaurus shared the heightened sensory abilities of other coelurosaurs, highlighting relatively rapid and coordinated eye and head movements, as well as an enhanced ability to sense low frequency sounds that would allow tyrannosaurs to track prey movements from long distances and an enhanced sense of smell. A study published by Kent Stevens of the University of Oregon concluded that Tyrannosaurus had keen vision.

STOP the Rebel forces

[x_blockquote cite="Wilhuff Tarkin" type="center"]Both as impregnable fortress and as symbol of the Emperor’s inviolable rule, the deep-space mobile battle station was an achievement on the order of any fashioned by the ancestral species that had unlocked the secret of hyperspace and opened the galaxy to exploration.[/x_blockquote]

This Stop sign with Tye fighters flying away from the Death Star headed out on a scouting mission to make sure no one foils the great Darth Vaders Plan.  Fun Fact: Over 7,000 Tie Fighters, Bombers, and Gunships were in charge of protecting the Death Star.

Signs don’t STOP criminals

[x_blockquote cite="Chief Touch the Clouds" type="left"]Civilization has been thrust upon me… and it has not added one whit to my love for truth, honesty, and generosity.[/x_blockquote]

Sitting Bull and Chief Touch the Clouds Painted on a Stop sign.

Sitting Bull was a Hunkpapa Lakota holy man who led his people during years of resistance to United States government policies and Touch the Clouds was a chief of the Minneconjou Teton Lakota known for his bravery and skill in battle, physical strength and diplomacy in counsel. The youngest son of Lone Horn, he was brother to Spotted Elk, Frog, and Roman Nose.

Both Chiefs stood up for their tribes trying to stop the massacre and takeover of their people.  Each only wanted peace.

Native Horizon – Border Patrol

[x_blockquote cite="Massasoit" type="left"]What is this you call property? It cannot be the earth, for the land is our mother, nourishing all her children, beasts, birds, fish and all men. The woods, the streams, everything on it belongs to everybody and is for the use of all. How can one man say it belongs only to him?[/x_blockquote]

The “Shadow Wolves” is the name of a group of U.S. Customs officers, established in 1972, who are helping in the fight against illegal migration and drug trafficking. They are Native American trackers, experts in using footprints, broken branches, and other clues to follow the trails of human beings and other animals across difficult terrain.  In Recent years they have been taking their unique skills to Eastern European and Central Asian states to train border officers there, using methods based on traditional Native American tracking.

“The terrain here is a little bit different than the terrain back home, as far as the trees [are concerned]. Whereas back home, we work in the desert. So here, when I come on these trips, it always reminds me to be a little bit more patient. If you try to track too fast, you’re going to end up losing those things that you’re looking for,” says Gary Ortega of the Tohono O’odham Nation.

Celebration of the high river

[x_blockquote cite="Crazy Horse" type="left"]One does not sell the land people walk on.[/x_blockquote]

Painting of two indian brothers visiting a passage in the river.

The river is typically used to symbolize the power of nature. A river is also often used as a symbol of fertility, as it fills the soil surrounding it with moisture. The river is also used as a symbol of the passage of time.  Native’s often would go to the riverbed when having problems with their spouses to find answers to mend their relationship.  I’m guessing that the peace and tranquility of the river was more relaxing than any answers whispered to them by the trickling water.

Watching someone’s back may be the most important aspect of a Friendship

[x_blockquote cite="Full Mouth (Crow)" type="left"]Bear lifted me up so I could see all the Earth. He said I may jump high among the cliffs, and live forever.[/x_blockquote]

This is a Native Hunter watching over bear at first light.

Because of this potentially furious storm brewing just under the surface of bearsspirit, our native forebears were extremely cautious and respectful of this animal. Even tribes inclined to peace honored the spirit of a warrior, and witnessing the bear seemed to embody that kind of blind, powerful surge of courage and strength that every warrior is want to tap into.

When the Stars rain on the Sun over the Covered Bridge

[x_blockquote cite="James Dean" type="left"]If a man can bridge the gap between life and death, if he can live on after he’s dead, then maybe he was a great man.[/x_blockquote]

This is the Gold Brook Covered Bridge at sunset in Vermont.  A covered bridge is a timber-truss bridge with a roof and siding which, in most covered bridges, create an almost complete enclosure. The purpose of the covering is to protect the wooden structural members from the weather.  They are pretty amazing to see, mostly because of the construction and how they had to build them from tree to final product with primitive tools.  These bridges and structures like them represent the progress made my the settlers of linking cities together in order to mature trade routes.  As we can see in modern times with modern tools, these roads have substantially changed to take over much of the land of the States.

Beware when the rain dance ends that the rivers don’t flow over and destroy what you have taken from the lands.

The Watchers at Mid Sun

The job for many young Indians of the Days was to watch.  Sit and Watch.  For days on end.  Watch.  Watch.  There was two reasons for this.  The tribes needed responsible tribesmen to keep the village safe.  The second is to teach a life lesson to the youth to be observant of the world around them, to respect nature, and be “All Knowing” of your environment.  This observation would result in a respect for self and others.

A good watcher can see things from the sky, or other beings’s perspective.

King of the Hill – Hopi Warrior

[x_blockquote cite="Crazy Horse" type="left"]I see a time of Seven Generations when all the colors of mankind will gather under the Sacred Tree of Life and the whole Earth will become one circle again.[/x_blockquote]

The Great legend of Rainbow Warriors has inspired some environmentalists in the United States with a belief that their movement is the fulfillment of a Native American prophecy. The roots of that myth go back to a book called Warriors of the Rainbow. It was basically an evangelical Christian tract which was published in 1962. If anything, it was an attack on Native culture. It was an attempt to evangelize within the Native American community.

It is said however the inspiration for such myths came from the training of the warriors, that even through the battle and hurt feelings of training, they sat down every night and ate together as family.

The legend said [the Native Americans] would also be joined by many of their light-skinned brothers and sisters, who would in fact be the reincarnate souls of the Indians who were killed or enslaved by the first light-skinned settlers. It was said that the dead souls of these first people would return in bodies of all different colors: red, white, yellow and black. Together and unified, like the colors of the rainbow, these people would teach all of the peoples of the world how to have love and reverence for Mother Earth, of whose very stuff we human beings are also made.

Victory over jealousy can lead to the demise over hate

Jealousy can be deadly as we saw with Cane and Able of the Bible. Today we have participation ribbons for athletes and in the same way during Native American Sporting Events, everyone is equal at the end.  Win or Lose, we all make it home at the end of the day.

The feathers on the end of an Indian Spear have very important meanings. Birds play a wide variety of roles in Native American mythology. Frequently they serve as messengers from the Creator, or between humans and the spirit world. Eagle plays a leadership role in the mythology of many tribes, while Raven is frequently portrayed as culture hero, trickster, or both. Other Native American birds play the parts of heroes, villains, wise advisors, flighty suitors, jealous competitors, and everything in between. These serve as reminders to always check your ego so it does not make bad choices in life.

Wise Chiefs will choose to Share “King of the Hill” when not certain who will win

[x_blockquote cite="Chief Seattle" type="left"]All things share the same breath – the beast, the tree, the man. The air shares it’s spirit with all the life it supports.[/x_blockquote]

This painting symbolizes how even tho someone might be your enemy, fighting them to the death might not be the best choice.  The Bear symbol was important as it represented a protector and symbolized courage, physical strength and leadership. Bears are strong, agile, and quick. The black bear and the Grizzly were native to North America. The meaning of the Bear Symbol was to signify a good omen and convey authority.

The watchers in the Purple Sky

[x_blockquote cite="Purple (from The Legends of Color)" type="left"]I am the color of royalty and power. Kings, chiefs, and bishops have always chosen me for I am the sign of authority and wisdom. People do not question me – they listen and obey.[/x_blockquote]

Purple had special meaning to the Native Americans.  It is important to know that the color purple was not used as war paint or face paint. It was seen as a sacred color and symbolized power, mystery and magic. The color of purple was produced from coneflowers, Blueberries and hibiscus and ground up into paste to draw pictures on skin for happy celebrations.

Waiting for the red river to pass under the black moon can be a daunting task

[x_blockquote cite="White Wolf" type="left"]I will treat women in a sacred manner. The Creator gave women the responsibility for bringing new life into the world. Life is sacred, so I will look upon the women in a sacred manner.[/x_blockquote]

Yes, the Red River.  When that time of the month passes and the women folk are huddled inside the Great Angry Teepee, men wait under the Angry Black Moon for it to pass.

Many tribes believed women were more powerful, spiritually, during their periods – and that they even had special intuitive powers. Some Native American tribe members would call upon menstruating women for their advice, insight, guidance, or to connect them to higher powers.

Menstrual huts were also big amongst the Native American tribes. During the heaviest four days of their period, wives would leave their homes and go to this separate menstrual lodge to commune with other women. Since women tend to mense together, these lodges were often quite full and the women inside we encouraged to engage in some serious “girl time” by discussing female issues and indulging in creative pursuits like storytelling and arts and crafts.

Grandmother Willow has many friends where she lives

[x_blockquote cite="Crazy Horse" type="left"]One does not sell the land people walk on.[/x_blockquote]

This painting represents the sacredness of places where the trees are dense.  Some say this is where you can get your best advice because trees exchange information easily, each tree within a touch that can give you what you need.

The bark of willow trees has been an important medicinal herb since ancient times in nearly all corners of the world (salicylic acid, which comes from willow bark, is the original source aspirin was derived from,) including many different Native American cultures.

Willow has also been used as a source of red dye and as a major basket-making material in the western tribes.

Chief comes home to an empty teepee

[x_blockquote cite="Eagle Chief (Letakos-Lesa)" type="left"]All things in the world are two. In our minds we are two, good and evil. With our eyes we see two things, things that are fair and things that are ugly….[/x_blockquote]

Although this was painted as a “happy looking” painting, just minutes later, after a long hunting season the tribe men would come home to a missing family.  This could be because their family was taken as slaves or massacred by an invading army.

One of these was the Bear River Massacre, On January 29, 1863, the militia of the U.S. Army’s Third California Volunteers, under the command of Colonel Patrick E. Connor, rode down the frozen bluff and massacred some 490+ Northwestern Shoshone Indians. The attack near Preston, Idaho, at the confluence of Bear River and Beaver Creek, is considered the largest single-incident massacre of Indians in the American West – larger than Wounded Knee and Sand Creek. It is often overlooked in history books because it occurred during the Civil War. Most descendants are spread out through Northern UT and Southeastern ID today.

You may DIE Waiting for the moon to answer you back

[x_blockquote cite="Chief Joseph" type="left"]It does not require many words to speak the truth.[/x_blockquote]

Native Americans often looked to the moon for answers spending hours and days looking upon its wonder as it appeared each night.

Native American Indians were a deeply spiritual people and they communicated their history, thoughts, ideas and dreams from generation to generation. The meaning of the Moon symbol was the protector and guardian of the earth. Native Indian symbols are still used as Tattoos and were used for a variety of reasons and depicted on numerous objects such as tepees, totem poles, musical instruments, clothes and War Paint.

The clothes, tepees and all of his belongings was decorated with art and included symbols depicting his achievements, acts of heroism, his various spirit guides or the most important events in his life. Every symbol used by an American Native Indian had meaning.

Chief Looking over Hunting Party

[x_blockquote cite="Chief Red Cloud" type="left"]I am poor and naked, but I am the chief of the nation. We do not want riches but we do want to train our children right. Riches would do us no good. We could not take them with us to the other world. We do not want riches. We want peace and love.[/x_blockquote]

Chief Red Cloud of the Souix Tribe is looking over his hunting party as they prepare to leave the village to hunt food.

Chief Red Cloud was a Native American war leader who became an important part of history for his role in fiercely defending his peoples land against the U.S. government. As leader of the Lakota Indians in the 1860s, a time when the United States was attempting to seize Indian territory, he is best known for his long standing opposition to a proposed road through Indian territory. The two year battle with the U.S. government where Chief Red Cloud fought to protect Indian land in Montana and Wyoming became known as Red Clouds War.